Petra was rediscovered in 1812 by the Swiss explorer Johan Ludwig Burckhardt during his expedition, which was funded by the British Royal Geographical Society, in the Levant, Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula.
Due to the centuries that lapsed before the rediscovery of the city by the outside world, Petra was named the “Lost City”. It was also described by the English poet Bergen as the unique, astonishing Eastern city.
In its heyday, the Nabatean Kingdom flourished to reach the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula where the city of Madian Saleh lies. It further extended its influence to the Red Sea shores of Sinai and the Horan Fields in Syria to Damascus.
The Nabatean Kingdom, along with its capital Petra, was surrounded by many ancient kingdoms and civilizations including the Pharaohs to the west, Tadmor to the north, and Mesopotamia to the east.
The archaeological park in Petra covers 264 dunums (264,000 square meters). Visitors are met with an amazing landscape of pink-hued rock mountains and the ancient Nabataean city of Petra, carved into the rock over 2,000 years ago.
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